Hi Friends,

Even as I launch this today ( my 80th Birthday ), I realize that there is yet so much to say and do.

There is just no time to look back, no time to wonder,"Will anyone read these pages?"

With regards,
Hemen Parekh
27 June 2013

Friday, 24 June 2016

50 MILLION NEW JOBS in 5 MONTHS ?



It is reported that the Union Cabinet will soon approve a notification which will allow establishments covered by the Shops and Establishment Act to remain open round the clock ( 24 hours )


Currently , if they remain open for 10 / 12 hours , they end up inviting visits by Inspectors of Establishment Department and the Labour Department , to collect their weekly " haftas "


With official sanction of 24 hours , that would go !


And 24 working hours will enable these shopkeepers to compete with those Foreign Companies bringing in 100 % FDI in retail but working for 8 hours / day !


And as soon as one Grocery store starts working longer hours ( even 12 hours ) , most of the neighborhood stores will follow suit  !


For our 50 million MSMEs to, not only take on these Foreign Giants but to defeat them in competition , is only possible when we stop playing the RETAIL GAME by the Rules of those Foreign Countries , and make them clue-less with our own NEW and OUT-OF-BOX rules !


Possibly half of these may be covered by Factory Act and the remaining half by the Shop and Establishment Act


Between them , they employ 90 % of India's work force of around 500 million


Average of approx 9 persons per MSME


Now , even if only 5 million ( out of 25 million shops ) just add ONE more employee to work longer hours , that would get jobs to 5 million youth !


That is quite a lot !  And without any additional Capital Investment !


Compare this advantage with Capital required to create ONE new job in Start Ups


As per Government , Rs 10,000 cr of " Fund of Funds for Start Ups " , will catalyze an Equity Investment of Rs 60,000 cr , which , in turn will enable raising of Debt of Rs 120,000 cr - totaling Rs 180,000 cr of capital


As per Government , that will generate 18,00,000 jobs ( in 5 years )


That is requirement of Rs 10 LAKH for each new job created in a Start Up !


While welcoming this initiative , I urge the Union Government to take following steps simultaneously , in order to generate , not just 5 million but  50 MILLION  new jobs in the MSME sector ( and without additional funds ! ) :


#   Abolish all visits by Inspectors ( Labour + Shop & Establishment Departments )


#   Allow MSMEs to engage Apprentices under the recently revised Skills Development Regulations / Apprentice Act


#   For them , remove the upper limit ( of Apprentices ) which is maximum of 10 % of employee strength


#   Let them engage Apprentices up to 100 % of their existing employees


#   Let them keep these trainees for 3 years under " Retail Establishment Trainee Scheme "


#   Let the stipend be 100 % ( instead of currently prescribed 60-70-80 % ) of semi Skilled Minimum wages

     ( Minimum Semi Skilled Wages are approx Rs 6,000 per month - so Shopkeeper need to pay Rs 6000 pm )


#   Concerned State Governments to subsidize 50 % of this stipend (so, Shopkeeper's burden to be  Rs 3,000 pm )

     [  Stipend Subsidy does not violate WTO  !  ]


#  To ensure fool-proof  compliance with the number of Trainees engaged and Stipends paid , this Scheme

    ( 24 hr open + 100 % trainees + 100 % Stipend + 50 % Subsidy + 3 year training program + No inspectors ),

     will apply ONLY to those Shops which implement , mobile app MAD outlined in my following blog :

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01 June 2016

From BAD to MAD


BAD   =   Biometric Attendance Device

MAD   =   Mobile Attendance Device


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Here is my idea of a technology that we need to create for a better India :

Today Employee Attendance Systems in India work at three levels as follows :

#   Entirely Manual

     Attendance Register and Wage / Salary payment in cash or by Cheque

#   Partly Automated

     Punch cards or Bio-metric recording of attendance but manual calculation
     of wages / salaries and payment by cash or cheque

#   Fully Automated

     Bio-metric Attendance Devices ( BAD ) , integrated with a home-grown or
     bought-out , Salary Payment Software , running on a local Server.

     Salary payments could be by cheques or thru Electronic Transfer to
     concerned employee's bank account


Once in a while , if a company has several establishments within a city , those local servers are connected to a Central Server , doing all processing

In a rare case ( although , I am not aware of any ) , it may be that all the local servers of all the establishments of a company , all over the country , are networked with its central computer in its head-quarter


Now imagine this :


#  All smart phones to evolve as Bio-metric Attendance Devices , with built-in
    Bio-metric Recorders , GPS , a mobile attendance App ( called MAD ? )

#  App to have 2 buttons / icons (  Green = IN  /  Red = OUT  )

#  Employee to touch IN upon reaching his work-station and touch OUT ,
    while leaving work place , at the end of work-shift . That's all  !

#  Being GPS enabled , buttons will get activated ONLY when the employee
    has reached the work place ( not while he is on his way ! )

#  All 50 million establishments in India ( factories / offices / shops / clinics
    NGOs / Govt Depts ) to ensure that the MAD app is installed on the smart
    phone of each employee , when he joins
   
#  All of these smart phones to be connected ( IoT ? ) , with the Servers of ,

    *  Labour Ministries ( Central and States )

    *  HRD Ministry ( Central )

    *  Skills Development Ministry / NSDC

    *  Finance Ministries ( Central + States )

    *  NITI Aayog

    *  Income Tax Department

    *  Any other server that you may want to


#   MAD app is integrated with a STANDARD / COMMON , software system
     for computing daily wages / monthly salaries of ALL the persons working
     in those 50 million establishments ( whether they are casual /
     contractual  / trainee / apprentice / probationer / permanent / retained )


#   As each person joins in any of these establishments , data re  that
     person must be inputted by the Employer into the App , such as :
   
     *  Name / Contact Details / DOB / Aadhar Card No / Employee Number

         ( Each unique Employee Number will be auto-generated by the
         common Salary Payment Software , running on IT Dept Server )


     *   Employee's Jandhan Yojana Bank Account Number for salary EC


     *   Employer's Jandhan bank account / Unique Employer Number


     *   Payment Mode ( Hourly / Daily / Monthly Rated ; wages / salaries )


     *   Leave provisions / PF rate / TDS rate / Allowances / Reimbursements


     *   Any other relevant data ( either about employee of for employer )



WHAT  ARE  THE  ADVANTAGES  ?


#   For employees , no need to file a separate annual Income Tax Return

#   Direct deposit of PF / TDS amounts into bank accounts of Govt Depts

#   Direct Benefit Transfer ( DBT ) to every Employer for Stipend Subsidy ,
     based on number of total trainees / apprentices employed

#   Total number of employees in India ( category / region / industry )

#   Employment Density ( Industry wise / Region wise / Skill wise etc )

#   Net Employment Growth Rate ( weekly - monthly / Industry-wise )

#   Co-relation with no of persons graduating at various levels

#   Data about those Unemployed ( " Graduating " less " Employed " )

#   Overtime Statistics ( Use / Abuse )

#   Work-hour Analysis ( Ave hours / week - month )

#   Wage / Salary Rates ( Rs per hour ) - Industry wise / Region wise

     ( of great interest to Foreign Investors looking to bring down
       manufacturing costs , by outsourcing to India / manufacturing in India )

#   Compliance with labour laws / tax laws / Apprentice Act etc

#   Job Market Forecasts through BIG DATA ANALYTIC ( region / industry )

#   Demographic  Profiles of employees  ( Rural to Urban migration )

#   Per Capita Income Growth for persons using MAD app  ( MOM / YOY )

#   Changing composition between Blue Collar and White Collar employees


Then there could be many other benefits not envisaged now


Here is an opportunity for :


 *  Manufacturers of Smart Phones

     To shrink stationary / bulky / common , bio-metric devices to mobile /
     small / personalized / hand-held devices

    { Remember ?  If you don't make yourself obsolete , someone else will  }



*  Tech Start Ups

     To come up with the Mobile App ( MAD ) / Technology Platform


*  NDA Government

    To implement what Shri Narendra Modiji said on 15 July 2015 :

   "  If China is like a manufacturing factory of the World , India should
    become the human resource capital of the World .

   That should be our target and we should lay emphasis on that . 

   We should have a futuristic vision and prepare plans for the next ten years "

  

   MAD  could well be an important element  of  that  " JAM ( Jandhan + Aadhar + Mobile ) PLAN "  !


  For once , please unshackle our entrepreneurs and enable them to unleash their innovations  !


  WE  ARE  FAST  RUNNING  OUT  OF  TIME  !

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23  June  2016

www.hemenparekh.in / blogs

   


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