Wednesday, 27 April 2016

Incentivize Housing Societies

Disposal of garbage ( wet and dry ), is a big problem for all Municipalities

In Mumbai , it is a daily 8,000 ton problem

Despite a large fleet of garbage collection trucks and thousands of municipal employees ( including employees of contractors ), streets remain littered and garbage dumps keep overflowing ( when not burning ! )

All kinds of solutions have been attempted in the past to solve this problem, without much success

This is because current perception of the garbage generating households ( and of the office bearers of the housing societies ) , is :

 *  Garbage collection / disposal is Municipality's responsibility

This problem will persist till we succeed in changing this perception to :

"  Garbage disposal is our responsibility "

This change of attitude can be brought about by " incentivizing " the members of the Housing Societies

Here is how :

*  The society where I live ( Marol / Mumbai ) has 200 Members ( flats )

*  Each member pays monthly Municipal Tax of ( approx ) , Rs 600

*  That translates to Rs 1.2 lakh per month ( Rs 14.4 lakh / year )

*  In 5 years , Society pays to Municipality, Rs 72 lakhs

*  Govt / Municipality to make it compulsory for each big society ( size to be
    decided ), to install on its premises :

    #  Methane gas generating plant or Compost Fertilizer plant

         (  to take care of wet / organic garbage )

    #   Water recycling plant ( to filter and reuse water from shower / wash
          basin / kitchen sink for toilet flushing purpose )

    #   A Compacting Press for dry waste ( paper / bags / cartons etc )

*   Towards installation of such plants , Municipality to give a discount of
     25 % to the Society in monthly taxes , for a period of 5 years

     That is a rebate of Rs 150 / month / flat for 5 years

     This would work out to a saving of Rs 18 lakh ( 25 % of Rs 72 lakh )

*   This amount should be sufficient for the Society to invest in these plants
     and for paying wages for persons needed to look after their operations

I believe such a positive incentive will motivate most of the Societies to undertake to install such facilities

As a negative incentive , Govt / Municipality should levy additional surcharge of 25 % on the monthly taxes ( ie raise to Rs 750 / month in our case ) to those societies which fail to implement this scheme within ONE YEAR of notification

It is high time citizens are involved and motivated ( through negative as well as positive incentives ) in keeping their cities clean and its environment pleasant

I am sure such an experiment will find a far better response from the public as compared to the ODD-EVEN scheme of Delhi ( which too will succeed when Delhi-ites find plenty of Public Transport )

Incidentally , Shri Arvind Kejriwal and his team should study ( without sending a delegation abroad ! ), the " Share - a - Bike " taxi scheme ( BIXI )
which has successfully solved the traffic congestion problem in Montreal

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------  /  blogs

27  April  2016


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